An individual’s sensitivity to this narrower range of interoceptive signals is not without its price. When FOKs-FIPs are irregular, interoceptive cognition may include a wide range of dysfunction, including anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and somatic symptom disorders. Fear is profoundly associated with FOKs-FIPs and can affect an individual’s perceptions of danger. This perception can lead to an inaccurate understanding of the world as a chronically dangerous environment.

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