The mind is one of the most fascinating areas to study, in no small part because of its complexity. It has been a topic in every time period and every culture. It is discussed by academic scholars, medical doctors, philosophers, religious leaders, and friends over coffee.

Dark and Normal Matters will show you a theory of mind that represents science as a melding and correlation of philosophies from many disciplines written by way of articles. Learn more here

In this way, the mind is discussed within logical frameworks that may promote understanding and ultimately transform how reality is perceived and how we impact it.

  • Feelings of Knowing - Fundamental Interoceptive Patterns (FoK-FIP): a magnetic monopole-like "pure mental" process fundamental to subjective feelings and self-awareness

  • A Unifying Theory of Physics and Biological Information Through Consciousness

Learn more about Dark and Normal Matters

  • The Mind and the Universe

    This theory’s tenet is that the mind is a fundamental entity without beginning or end with infinite potential that is not entirely conceivable. Nevertheless, through infinite potential existing, the mind causes change to occur.

    According to this theory, the mind without a principle of organization, through infinite potential, causes change as dark energy, dark matter, and normal matter. These are potential energies because of their relationship to the mind. In this Universe, there is roughly 68% dark energy, dark matter makes up about 27%, and about 5% is normal matter.

    Arguably, the mind can be explained in part by an abstract idea, the law of conservation of energy: the mind cannot be created or destroyed, but potential energies convert or transform from one form into another.

  • Energies with states of mind

    This theory refers to dark energy, dark matter, and normal matter as mind dark energy, mind focal points of dark matter (FPDMs), and mind normal matter. Associated with these energies are states of mind that correspond with intelligence.
    * With the pure awareness state, mind dark energy corresponds to pure awareness as unpatterned (homogeneous) intelligence.
    * With the pure mental state, mind focal points of dark matter (FPDMs) corresponds to primordial consciousness (synonymous with proto-consciousness or unconsciousness) as patterned intelligence.
    * With the mental images state, mind normal matter corresponds to conscious events as patterned intelligence.

  • Through embodied states of mind, consciousness exists in the form of conical electromagnetic radiation (EMR)

    According to this theory, consciousness exists through the interplay of embodied energies (i.e., embodied states of mind) and in the form of conical electromagnetic radiation (EMR). An embodied state of mind occurs when mind normal matter encapsulates (i.e., embodies) mind a focal point of dark matter (FPDM), and the substrate for all embodied states is mind dark energy.

    Through each embodied state of mind, conical EMR is generated that acts as a space-filling field with all the information needed to build a version of the Universe. In this theory, consciousness and the Universe are not separate. Instead, embodied interdependent relationships modify consciousness and represent how versions of the Universe evolve.

  • Each 'mind’ observing ego is a viewpoint of consciousness that defines conscious events as an individual.

    According to this theory, the reader of this website is a ‘mind’ observing ego that is an emergent property of consciousness. The emergence of each ‘mind’ observing ego acts as a unique viewpoint of the mind through an embodied state of mind. Because these viewpoints exist, there is a potential to link different embodied states of mind through the perception of consciousness.

    Each ‘mind’ observing ego as an individual of a particular embodied state has a role to play in consciousness. It defines the change contained within conical electromagnetic radiation (EMR) that is the form of consciousness of an embodied state. Through a 'mind' observing ego, the conscious events of consciousness are perceived. As such, in an embodied state of mind, a version of the Universe is projected like a bubble all around each ‘mind’ observing ego.

    Phenomena (e.g., living organisms, places, and things) are simply events that happen in certain embodied circumstances that are devoid of intrinsic existence. As such, there is a difference between the way an individual (i.e., a ‘mind’ observing ego) perceives the world and the way it really is.

  • Interoception and Feelings of Knowing fundamental interoceptive patterns (FOKs-FIPs)

    Interoception is the perception of the body's internal state. The individual (i.e., a ‘mind’ observing ego) senses and integrates interoceptive signals. FOKs-FIPs represents an individual's perception of a very restricted range of interoceptive signaling. This signaling represents intuitive feelings that may not be rationally understood and which the individuals can experience both as vague and with a sense of certainty. As such, FOKs-FIPs importantly differ from more basic interoceptive experiences (e.g., hunger, thirst, respiratory and cardiac signals). A Feeling of Knowing a fundamental interoceptive pattern (FOK-FIP) is a specialized type of interoceptive awareness. It is hypothesized to play a critical role in an individual's behavior, emotional experiences, and cognitive functioning.

  • A components map model with interoceptive markers (IMs) is a framework for conceptualizing interoceptive cognition

    Interoceptive cognition is understood as a broad range of information processing activities through an embodied state of mind. It is cognition significantly related to the Feelings of Knowing fundamental interoceptive patterns (FOKs-FIPs). According to this model, a restricted range of interoceptive signaling (i.e., FOKs-FIPs) is critical in shaping a sense of embodied self and feelings.

    The components map model with IMS (Click here) sets out the different layers of cognitive processes through numbered components and where interoception acts as a substrate of mental content. Interoception is not a simple process but instead has several facets (e.g., sensing, interpreting, and integrating information about the state of inner body systems). FOKs-FIPs (e.g., pleasant, unpleasant, or neutral) play a crucial role in interoception and cognition.

    A chain of cause-and-effect in this model consists of cognitive cycles represented by the numbered components in a series or sequence. With each cognitive cycle, an individual (i.e., a 'mind' observing ego) senses the current situation and interprets it regarding ongoing interoceptive goals. The events of interoceptive cognition represent the constant change of an embodied state that may be unpredictable. However, change is constrained through a narrower range of interoceptive signaling (i.e., FOKs-FIPs).

    The FOKs-FIPs are presented as a model that could guide interdisciplinary research, and numbered interoceptive markers (IMs) are included to improve the study of embodied cognition.

  • Through reactions, a 'mind' observing ego (i.e., an individual) makes decisions.

    Cognitive flexibility is broadly defined here as the ability of an individual (i.e., a 'mind' observing ego) to adapt behaviors in response to changes in the embodied environment. This flexibility occurs through reactions that translate to thought patterns.

    Envisioned through the components map model with interoceptive markers (IMs) is an individual's behavior through reactions that represent how decisions are made. Through reactions, an action response is selected, and thus decisions are made that are key to understanding how the perceptions of a ‘mind’ observing ego are created.

    Reactions result in interactions between unconscious and conscious events and accompanying feedback loops. Without reactions, a ‘mind’ observing ego of an embodied state cannot make decisions, and it cannot perceive, think or feel.

    Reactions act as cognitive actions capable of producing effects, and they interrelate. As such, reflexivity leads to habitual reactions, which leads to volitional reactions capable of producing effects:
    1. Reflexive reactions: An unconditioned response with an assumed degree of automaticity and a high degree of reflexivity. Reflexive reactions create an intuitive sense of position and motion state in physical space via the embodied internal state and proprioceptive senses.
    2. Habitual reactions: A combined response as a reflexive reaction followed by an impulsive reaction (i.e., a sudden reaction without planning and impulse action). Habitual reactions represent an over-practiced response experienced with a high degree of having little mental choice due to reflexivity.
    3. Volitional reactions: A conditioned response with a degree of agency. An individual decides on and commits to a particular course of action through volitional reactions. As such, things are perceived as if they were caused to happen. There are two volitional reactions: An impulsive reaction and a reaction with forethought.

  • A ‘mind’ observing ego (i.e., an individual) and the concept of self.

    When individuals think nonconceptually, they derive their "sense of self."
    This process may be envisioned through the components map model with interoceptive markers (IMs) (Click here). At the gateway level (i.e., the level with components 4 and 5), through awareness of Feelings of Knowing fundamental interoceptive patterns (FOKs-FIPs), a sense of embodied self and feelings is ultimately shaped. As a nonconceptual thought process and by way of affective states' patterns (i.e., component 4), FOKs-FIPs vary in duration, intensity, specificity, and arousal level.

    Nonconceptual thinking occurs automatically through reflexive reactions at the gateway level and where conscious events may include: proprioception (i.e., sense of movement and position), exteroception (e.g., sight, sound, smell, touch, taste, and sense pain), moods, and emotions (e.g., fear, happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, embarrassment, jealousy, guilt, or pride) without detail but instead as a vague knowing. As such, a knowing without specifying why these perceptions exist. Thinking of this sort may be summarized here as free from conceptual limitations resulting from entertaining subject and object concepts. Notably, before the gateway level (i.e., components 1, 2, and 3), individuals think preconsciously, and thus information for ideas, although readily accessible, are not yet actively defined. Accordingly, before the gateway level, ideas in which a 'mind' observing ego as an individual is not actively thinking.

    Above the gateway level, a 'mind' observing ego (i.e., an individual) through volitional reactions (i.e., impulsive reactions or impulsive reactions followed by reactions with forethought) thinks conceptually. When individuals think conceptually, they derive their "conceptual self" through three-dimensional imagery. Because of conceptual thought or memory (i.e., components 6 or 7), a close relationship exists between a ‘mind’ observing ego of a particular embodied state and three-dimensional imagery of a living organism (e.g., woman, man, or another animal). As such, the living organism represents a process where the nonconceptual "sense of self" (occurring at the gateway level) through cognitive broadcasting gets transformed above the gateway level into aspects of the conceptual self (e.g., me, myself, and I).

    Conceptual thought (occurring above the gateway level) is thinking based on abstract cognitive processes: dealing with ideas rather than events that include fundamental units of thought (e.g., true or false, believed, desired, hoped for) from an individual's perspective. Included is conceptualization, or the process of forming a concept of something that provides for analytical or problem-solving ideas and symbols (a mark, word, or sign that, through a mental process, links an idea, 'object,' or relationship).

Questions And Answers

  1. Why are you interested in formulating theories and having them published in peer-reviewed journals?

    Part of the problem-solving process is to recognize patterns and relationships that act as small critical…

    Read more

  2. Why are Feelings of Knowing fundamental interoceptive patterns (FOKs-FIPs) important?

    An individual’s sensitivity to this narrower range of interoceptive signals is not without its price. When…

    Read more

  3. Are you saying I am not a human being?

    According to this theory, you are not, and an embodied state of mind is behind every…

    Read more

See more Submit your question