Interoception is the perception of the body’s internal state when an individual (i.e., ‘mind’ observing ego) senses and integrates signals. Bodily sensations are important cues to ‘mind’ observing ego (i.e., you) in a reflexive sense through Feelings of Knowing (FOKs) fundamental interoceptive patterns. These patterns of bodily sensations ‘from within’ represent a very restricted range of interoceptive signals that acts as a substrate of mental content. Thus represent intuitive feelings that may not include a rational explanation, but ‘mind’ observing experiences them with vague certainty. As such, an individual may perceive FOKs fundamental interoceptive patterns originating from a body region rather than emerging from a specific organ system (e.g., respiratory system). 

The foundation for ‘real-world cognition’ of ‘mind’ observing ego that includes experience and observation occurs through FOKs fundamental interoceptive patterns. With a foundation of interoception, ‘mind’ observing ego creates its nonconceptual ‘sense of self’ that acts as an internal map and a goal directing stimuli with two immediate cognitive tasks: 

A.  Determine whether received bottom-up encoded input signals match the expectation of what that information should be.

B.  Determine if the stimulus signals a state of affairs that is potentially threatening or rewarding. 

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